Recommendations for the new owners.
With the advent of in-house puppy, the new owners immediately raises a lot of questions. How to feed? When do the vaccination? How to teach your puppy to certain rules of conduct? We hope that this information will help you and your pet to gain understanding in the first stage of your acquaintance.
When to vaccinate a puppy?
There are many diseases fatal to dogs. Fortunately, we can prevent many of them using a very effective vaccine. In order to work, these vaccines should be administered several injections. Ideally, they are administered about 6-8 weeks of age, 12 weeks and 16 weeks, but this scheme may vary depending on several factors.
This vaccination scheme will protect your puppy from seven diseases: distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, enteritis, parainfluenza, coronavirus and rabies. Against the first six disease vaccine is administered by one at the age of 6-8, 12 and 16 weeks. Rabies vaccine is administered at the age of 12 weeks. There are still 2 additional vaccinations that do in certain situations. If your puppy will be taken to the nursery or other countries determined in a training class for puppies, it should be vaccinated against infectious canine tracheobronchitis. Lyme vaccine is recommended for dogs prone to ticks because Lyme disease is transmitted by ticks
Why do you need your puppy more than one vaccination?
While puppy raising his mother, he receives a temporary form of immunity through the mother’s milk. This immunity is in the form of proteins called antibodies. For about 24-28 hours after birth these antibodies directly fed puppy from the intestine into his blood. This immunity is very helpful during the first weeks of a puppy’s life, but at some point it is reduced, and the puppy should be able to purchase a permanent immunity. It vaccinations are used for this purpose. While maternal antibodies are present in the puppy vaccinations not stimulate his immune system. Intervening maternal antibodies neutralize the vaccine.
Many factors determine when the puppy will be able to respond to vaccination. These factors are the level of maternal immunity, the amount of antibodies in the puppies, and the number entered puppy vaccine. Since we do not know when a certain puppy lose short-term immunity, we do a series of vaccinations. We hope that at least two of them will be timely, ie coincide with the moment when the puppy will lose immunity from their mother, but not yet sick. One vaccine, even if effective, is not sufficient to stimulate a permanent immunity, which is so important.
Vaccination against rabies – an exception because a single injection made at the right time, is sufficient to create a permanent immunity.
What kinds of games do I expect from my puppy?
Challenging game is very important during the first week. The game of pursuit and attack – is very important in the behavior of puppies, and is necessary for the proper development of muscles. If you send the game to the toys, the puppy will use the family members less for their games. The best toys are light and mobile. It may be clumps of paper and rubber balls. Any toy should not be too small so that the puppy did not swallow it.Challenging game is very important during the first week. The game of pursuit and attack – is very important in the behavior of puppies, and is necessary for the proper development of muscles. If you send the game to the toys, the puppy will use the family members less for their games. The best toys are light and mobile. It may be clumps of paper and rubber balls. Any toy should not be too small so that the puppy did not swallow it.
Can I punish the puppy?
It is sometimes necessary to discipline a puppy, for example, if his behavior bears a threat to people or property. But should avoid rough punishment. Slap his hand can be quite effective to prevent not the desired behavior. However, preferably at a distance penalty. That is, you use something that does not touch the puppy. You can use for this purpose water spray or throw something in the direction of a puppy, but not touching, and without injuring him or make a noise greatly. The penalty in the distance is preferable because the puppy associate the punishment with non-desirable effects, but not with you.
Do all puppies have worms?
Intestinal parasites are common in puppies. The puppy may be infected with parasites before they were born, or later through breast milk. Check under the microscope stool samples usually helps us to determine the presence of intestinal parasites. We recommend a check for all the puppies, if we have a sample of their stool. Even if we do not have samples of stool, we recommend the use of drugs for deworming, which are safe and effective against several common dog worm.
We do this because our treatment for deworming has no side effects and because it does not pass worm eggs every day, so you can not detect worms that actually have available in feces. Deworming is done at a certain point and then repeated after approximately three weeks. Deworming should continue, because the treatment only kills adult worms. Within 3-4 weeks, the larvae become adult worms, and it is necessary to repeat the treatment. Dogs are susceptible to reinfection hookworm and roundworm.
It recommended periodic deworming throughout the dog’s life. Tapeworms – the most common intestinal parasites of dogs. Puppies infected by these worms, fleas when swallowed; eggs tapeworm live inside fleas. When the dog takes a bite or lick their skin by the bite of fleas, it can swallow it. The flea is digested in the stomach of the dog, tapeworm hatches and attaches to the wall of the stomach. Dogs infected with tapeworms which are small segments of the worm in the stool. Segments are white and look like grains of rice. They are approximately 3 mm in length, and one can see that they crawl over the surface of the chair. They can also be glued to the fur under the tail. In this case, the segments dry up, be reduced by half in size, and become golden brown.
How dangerous heartworm?
Heartworm is very dangerous. They can live in a dog’s heart and cause serious diseases of the heart and lungs. These worms are transmitted by mosquitoes. But we have drugs that will protect your dog from heartworm. These medications are safe and very effective if you take them regularly. We recommend drugs that are taken or every day or once a month. Remember that long hair and the fact that the dog is always in the room, do not protect her from contracting heartworm. Preventive medications for heart worm are dosed in accordance with the weight of your dog. As weight gain should increase the dose. Please read the instructions on the dosage on the package. These drugs are very safe. You can give your dog a dose, exceed the recommended amount of 2-3 times without any harm to the health of the dog. Therefore it is always better to give a larger dose than less.
What should I feed my puppy?
Diet is very important in a dog’s growth period. There are two main criteria, according to which you should choose the food for the puppy. We recommend the food, produced by the national dog food, and form feed ESPECIALLY FOR PUPPIES. This food should be given until the puppy reaches the age of 12-18 months, depending on its size.
Acceptable feeding dry food, canned food and semi-moist form. Each type of food has its advantages and disadvantages. Dry food – the cheapest. It can be left in the bowl, and it does not dry up. Good views of dry food as nutritious as other forms of feed. As a rule, most veterinarians will recommend for your puppy dry food.
Semi-moist and canned food is also acceptable. However, they are much more expensive than dry food. Dogs are very fond of these kinds of food, but they are not nutritious dry food. Moreover, in the semi-moist feed a high sugar content. If you are very pet food in your dog, you risk to grow finicky eating dog. It is not recommended to feed dog food to your table. Because they are very tasty, and the dogs begin to beg for them, and do not eat a well-balanced diet.
How often should I feed my puppy?
There are several ways to feed the puppy. The most popular of them – feeding the dog at certain times of the day. A certain amount of feed should be given to puppies 4 times a day between the ages of 5 to 12 weeks. All that is not eaten should be removed in 30 minutes. If the food is eaten for 3-4 minutes, then the amount of feed should be increased. Usually, puppies are fed in such a way to refuse to 3-4 months from one meal, and later still by one. Another way of feeding – the dog always has access to the feed. For such a method is very suitable dry food. However, some dogs tend to overeat and gain weight.
How to train my puppy, “go to the toilet” in the right place?
It should start doing as soon as the puppy crossed the threshold of their new home. How long this training will continue, it depends on you and your puppy. Some puppies are much more capable than others. Your dog will always make you happy. But puppies memory is short, therefore, plays an important role your patience. House with a poorly trained puppy will not be happy for you and your puppy.
а) The bed puppy can be a box, open on one side and on the size of a little more of a puppy. If the bed is too large, the puppy will often defecate in the corner of the bed, you make it out of bed. Conversely, if the bed is smaller, the puppy will do his “business” often out of bed and do not spoil it.
b) Place the bed in a small space, for example in the laundry room. Stele of the newspaper on the floor at night or when the puppy is left unattended.
c) It is important to teach your puppy to defecate in the same place chosen by you. Such a place is created when the puppy happens “accident.”
g) To train a puppy ‘to go to the toilet “in a certain place, you have to put part of the chair from the last” accident “or paper soaked in urine puppy on a clean paper, leave the desired location and bring you to the puppy. This method is suitable for accustom the puppy to a certain place in the yard. It will help solve the problem of “minefields”.
e) The first thing to do in the morning – take your puppy to a place where he learns to “go to the toilet.” Let him sniff all around, so that he can learn his way to the door and to the place of “toilet”. When it is done, pat him on the head and drive back to the house. Do not allow him to play next. Time for a toilet and games must be clearly delimited in the puppy’s life.
e) The following feed puppy. After a while the puppy starts to fuss and twisted, sniffing at the door. As quickly as possible keep a puppy to the place where he defecates.
g) This procedure can be repeated every hour or two during the day, especially after feeding and sleep.
h) Of course, the puppy may occur “accident” in the house. Do not leave it unnoticed. The penalty five minutes later is too late. Scold him, but do not beat and move to a place where he should defecate. Then wash the place “accident” so as not to remain the smell and sprinkle with vinegar or red pepper.
If your puppy defecated in the right place, take a few minutes, stroking and praising him.
How can I ensure that my puppy is properly socialized?
Puppy socialization period – between the ages of 4 and 12 weeks. During this time the puppy is very susceptible to social influences. If he gets a positive experience of relations with men, women, children, cats, other dogs, and so on, it will carry him through his whole life. If such experience is missing or it is negative, the dog may be afraid of them or be aggressive attitude towards them. Therefore, in the period of socialization, you should encourage your puppy to participate in the greatest possible number of social events so he could experience the social impact and to gain experience.
What should I do if my puppy fleas?
Fleas do not always remain a puppy, sometimes they jump out and look for another body. Therefore, it is important to eliminate fleas on your puppy before they spread in your home. Most anti-flea product that is safe for adult dogs, may harm the puppies under the age of 4 months. Before applying, make sure that the products are safe for puppies.
If you use anti-flea spray, you should spray a little puppy. Apply the solution against fleas and ticks is not recommended for puppies until they are at least 4 months. Remember that not all the insecticides that can be used on adult dogs are safe for puppies.
There are more drugs that are used only once a month; they can be used, if the puppy is not under the age of 6 weeks. The first preparation in the form of tablets, affecting the adult fleas, leads to the fact that they lay sterile eggs. The second drug is in liquid form and applied to the skin at the base of the neck. It kills adult fleas. These drugs are very effective.
It seems to me that my puppy is always something to chew. Why is this?
One of the features of the puppies – chewing. Puppies get used to her new teeth, so chewing – it is normal puppy behavior. In puppy milk teeth appear at the age of 4 weeks. They begin to fall in 4 months, and are replaced by permanent teeth completely to 6 months. Therefore, the puppy will “chew” to about 6-7 months of age. The main thing at this time – to manage your puppy, giving him a chew special items: rawhide bones, nylon bones, and other toys, specially produced for this purpose.
My puppy sometimes hiccups and a strange smell in the breath?
Yes, many puppies can sometimes be hiccups, which lasted a few minutes. This is normal and can last more than a few weeks or months. All puppies breath has a characteristic odor, which is called “puppy breath”. It is also normal and the smell will be gone as a puppy growing up.
How to cut the claws of my puppy?
Puppies are very sharp claws. They can be cut by conventional nail clippers or forceps for cutting the claws of dogs and cats. If you otstrizhote too much of the claw, you can damage living tissue, so that may be bleeding and pain. Therefore, some tips will be very useful:
1. If your puppy transparent or light nails, you can see through the claw pink tissue. Shearing, try not to go on this site claw.
2. black claws, then it begins to see where the living tissue is difficult if your dog. Therefore it is better to cut to 1 mm until the dog does not show sensitivity.
3. If your dog’s nails some transparent and some black, guided by transparent black claw shearing.
4. trimmed nails, use sharp forceps. Blunt forceps will crumble claws that causes pain even if you do not damage living tissue.
5. You need to have a hemostatic powder. It is sold in pet stores under various names. This powder is used for mowing claws. In an extreme case, if you destroy living tissue claw and began to bleed, and at your fingertips no hemostatic powder, use ordinary flour. Pour it into a saucer and put back leg with a damaged claw, flour forms a crust.
What are ear mites?
Ear mites – tiny parasites that live in the ear canal of dogs (cats). The most common sign of infection of ear mites – ear scratching. Sometimes inside ears can become dirty due to dark matter, which is formed in the ear canals. A tool that is used to detect ear mites – otoscope, it gives a very strong increase, allowing you to see ear mites. Sometimes it is possible to detect the mites by taking a bit of the dark matter of the ear canal, and studied under the microscope. Although ticks for some time can leave the ear canal, but mostly they live, protected ear canal. Ear mites have the puppies, whose mother is infected with these parasites.
New Year greetings